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四级听力长对话十大听前预测竞价技巧

   日期:2019-12-16     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:373    评论:0    
核心提示:  下面是学习啦我们收拾的四级听力长对话十大听前预测竞价技巧,期望对大家有协助。  一、各题主题揭示对话主题  将各题所

  下面是学习啦我们收拾的四级听力长对话十大听前预测竞价技巧,期望对大家有协助。

  一、各题主题揭示对话主题

  将各题所考查的主题内容结合在一起,往往可得出整篇对话的主题。如果某一题目是考查对话主题,其中的一个选项明显可以概括其他各题选项的内容,那样该选项很可能为答案。

  【例1】

  【预览选项】

  19. [A]To interview a few job applicants.

  [B]To fill a vacancy in the company.

  [C] To advertise for a junior sales manager.

  [D] To apply for a job in a major newspaper.

  20. [A]A hard working ambitious young man.

  [B]A young man good at managing his time.

  [C]A college graduate with practical working experience.

  [D]A young man with his own idea of what is important.

  21. [A]Not clearly specified.

  [B]Not likely to be met.

  [C]Reasonable enough.

  [D]Apparently sexist

  【听前预测】

  预览三道题各选项,由19题中的 interview, applicants, vacancy, advertise for a manager,apply for a job 等词语可以推测对话与刊登招聘广告或面试工作有关。而20题中 hardworking,ambitious, good at managing his time, with practical working experience, with his own idea 等词语则表明对话中还涉及到对所招聘职员的需要。

四级听力长对话十大听前预测技巧

  二、选项均以动词的某种形式开头

  含有这类选项的问题为考查行为活动类型。依据动词的不一样形式,问题考查的重点也可能不一样。

  选项均以动词原形开头,问题大多是关于提议某人做某事,有时也表示为了而某种目的而要做某事。

  选项均为动名词,问题大多是关于正在进行的动作或者计划打算。

  选项为不定式,问题很可能是关于做某事的目的,或是计划、承诺或需要做某事。

  【例2】

  【预览选项】

  [A] File a lawsuit against the man.

  [B] Ask the man for compensation.

  [C] Have the mans apple tree cut down.

  [D] Throw garbage into the mans yard.

  【听前预测】

  选项均为动词原形,故本题应该是考查某人的行为活动。四个选项均是针对男士的行为,故本题很可能是关于某人与男士发生争吵或冲突时所采取的应对措施。

  【听音验证】

  W: Get the branches off my property or Ill have to sue you.

  M: Yeah? For what?! Youre taking those law classes too seriously! Ive gotta go, I have topick up my son.

  21. What did the woman threaten to do?

  【例3】

  【预览选项】

  [A]To interview a few job applicants.

  [B]To fill a vacancy in the company.

  [C] To advertise for a junior sales manager.

  [D] To apply for a job in a major newspaper.

  【听前预测】

  选项均为不定式短语,故本题应该是考查某人将要采取的行动。[ A ]、[ C ]是关于招聘工作,[ B ]、[ D]则是关于申请工作,故听音时应留意该行为是关于招聘还是面试。

  【听音验证】

  M: Morning, Brenda.

  W: Good morning, Mr. Browning.

  M: Er, did you, did you put that ad in yesterday?

  W: Yes, yesterday afternoon.

  M: The ad for a junior sales manager, I mean.

  

  19. What did Mr. Browning ask Brenda to do?

  三、选项中含有表示意愿或提议的词

  如果选项中含有should, had better, would like等一类的词语,问题很可能是考查看法或提议。

  【例4】

  【预览选项】

  [A] Accurate communication is of utmost importance.

  [B] Pilots should be able to speak several foreign languages.

  [C] Air controllers should keep a close watch on the weather.

  [D] Cooperation between pilots and air controllers is essential.

  【听前预测】

  由选项中的should可推知,本题应该是考查某人的看法或提议。选项内容表明问题应该与确保安全飞行的因素有关。

  【听音验证】

  

  M: Sadly enough, yes they did. It was a really bad mistake. Many people died as a result ofthe simple misunderstanding.

  W: Wow, thats a powerful lesson on how important it can be to accurately communicateto each other.

  

  25. What lesson could be drawn from the accident?

  四、选项中含有表示评论或感受的动词

  如果选项中含有think, like, dislike, enjoy, agree, disagree, mind等一类的词语,听力材料或问题很可能是关于对某人或某事物的评价或感受。

  四个选项中如均含有表示评论或感受的词,则表示问题是关于对人或事物的评价或感受;如其中只有个别选项含有表示评论或感受的词,则表示听力材料中很可能涉及到对人或事物的评价或感受,问题内容则不肯定会涉及。

  【例5】

  【预览选项】

  [A]Not clearly specified.

  [B]Not likely to be met.

  [C]Reasonable enough.

  [D]Apparently sexist.

  【听前预测】

  四个选项中均含有表示评论的词语,故问题很可能是关于某人对某事物的看法。

  【听音验证】

  W: Yes, erm, what sort of education are you actually looking for?

  M: Well, you know, a couple of A levels. Must have English, of course.

  W: Yes, I think youre asking quite a lot. I mean youre not really prepared to pay all ...

  M: No, Im not prepared to give him a big salary to start with. Nevertheless, I wantsomeone with plenty of ambition, plenty of drive. You know, not looking at the clock all thetime.

  W: Well sir, I wish you the best of luck and hope you have some very successful interviews.

  M: Well, yes?

  W: Because personally I think youre asking an awful lot.

  21. What does Brenda think of the qualifications Mr. Browning insists on?

 
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